Metal has been used in several industries worldwide. After all, it can go through several processes, such as soldering, casting, welding, brazing, hardening, chipping, forging, and more. Moreover, metals can endure different low and high-temperature points.
When it comes to withstanding a temperature range, every metal has a distinct capability.
In this blog post, we will understand the melting point of metals.
Metal Melting Point Overview
The metal melting point is when a metal turns from a solid to a liquid state. When a metal passes its melting point, it becomes liquified. And when the temperature goes down, the metal starts solidifying.
Whether you are a metal fabricator or welder or perform applications such as metal brazing or forging, you should know the melting point of different metals.
For your convenience, we have put together the melting point of metals used in various applications.
Aluminum is a silvery gray, non-ferrous metal used for kitchen utensils, airplane body parts, window frames, and more.
- Melting Point: 660 °C (1,220 °F)
- Specific Heat Capacity: 0.9 J/1g
Carbon steel is a prominent metal with a carbon content of up to 2.1% by weight. Generally, this metal is used to make buildings, bridges, rails, etc.
- Melting Point: 1,425-1,540 °C (2,597-2,800 °F)
- Specific Heat Capacity: 0.49 J/1g
Stainless steel is a rust-resistant metal, which is an alloy of iron. It comprises a minimum of 11% chromium. Stainless steel is the primary material in kitchen equipment, surgical tools, cookware, cutlery, etc.
- Melting Point: 1,375-1,530 °C (2,500-2,785 °F)
- Specific Heat Capacity: 0.500 J/g-°C (304 Stainless Steel)
Copper is a soft and supple metal. You can notice its use in electric wires and cables.
- Melting Point: 1,084 °C (1,983 °F)
- Specific Heat Capacity: 0.385 J/g °C
Brass is an alloy of zinc and copper used for making gears, valves, bearings, etc.
- Melting Point: 930°C (1,710 °F)
- Specific Heat Capacity: 0.380 cp in J/g K
Zinc is a chemical element commonly used in medicines, metal products, rubber, etc.
- Melting Point: 420 °C (787 °F)
- Specific Heat Capacity: 0.387 c in J/gm K
Titanium is another crucial metal used in house paints, joint replacement, plastics, tooth implants, etc.
- Melting Point: 1,670 °C (3,038 °F)
- Specific Heat Capacity 0.52 J/g K
Nickel is normally used in rechargeable nickel-cadmium batteries, coins, hybrid vehicles, and more.
- Melting Point: 1,453 °C (2,647 °F)
- Specific Heat Capacity: 0.44J/g °C
Silver is a precious metal having lustrous white metal. Silver is used for making jewelry. It has been used in electronics, water purification, brazing, soldering solar technology, and more.
- Melting Point: 961 °C (1,762 °F)
- Specific Heat Capacity: 0.235J/g °C
Molybdenum is not a natural metal found on the earth. It is obtained from oxidation states in minerals. Generally, manufacturers use it to improve the strength and hardness of steel alloys.
- Melting Point: 2,620 °C (4,748 °F)
- Specific Heat Capacity: 0.25 J/g K.
Gold is a yellowish-orange precious metal used for making jewelry, dental implants, or as an investment.
- Melting Point: 1,064 °C (1,947.2 °F)
- Specific Heat Capacity: 0.129 J/g· c
Check out the following table below to learn about the melting point of metals in a convenient way.
|Metal Type||Melting Point Celsius (°C)||Melting Point Fahrenheit (°F)|
|Admiralty Brass||900 – 940||1,650 – 1,720|
|Aluminum Alloy||463 – 671||865 – 1,240|
|Aluminum Bronze||600 – 655||1,190 – 1,215|
|Beryllium Copper||865 – 955||1,587 – 1,750|
|Gold (24K Pure)||1,063||1,945|
|Hastelloy C||1,320 – 1,350||2,410 – 2,460|
|Inconel||1,390 – 1,425||2,540 – 2,600|
|Incoloy||1,390 – 1,425||2,540 – 2,600|
|Iron (Wrought)||1,482 – 1,593||2,700 – 2,900|
|Iron (Gray Cast)||1,127 – 1,204||2,060 – 2,200|
|Magnesium Alloy||349 – 649||660 – 1,200|
|Manganese (Bronze)||865 – 890||1,590 – 1,630|
|Monel||1,300 – 1,350||2,370 – 2,460|
|Carbon Steel||1,425 – 1,540||2,600 – 2,800|
|Yellow Brass||905 – 932||1,660 – 1,710|
So this is the information about the melting point of metals commonly used in different industries.